Can I eat Aguachiles While Pregnant

Aguachiles is a popular Mexican dish loved for its unique flavors and fresh ingredients. But for expectant mothers, the question arises: “Can I eat Aguachiles while pregnant?” This is a valid concern, considering the dish typically includes raw seafood, an item often advised against in pregnancy diets.

Understanding Aguachiles: A Traditional Mexican Dish

Aguachiles is a traditional Mexican dish featuring raw shrimp marinated in lime juice, chili peppers, and other fresh ingredients. Similar to ceviche, another beloved seafood appetizer, Aguachiles lets the acidic ingredients ‘cook’ the seafood, but it’s technically still raw.

Raw Ingredients in Aguachiles

The main ingredient in Aguachiles is raw shrimp, but the dish can also contain raw fish. These are soaked in an acidic marinade of lime or lemon juice. While citric acid can partially ‘cook’ the seafood, it’s not enough to kill off harmful bacteria.

The Concerns with Eating Raw Fish During Pregnancy

Eating raw fish during pregnancy is generally discouraged due to the risk of foodborne illness. Raw or undercooked seafood can contain harmful bacteria and parasites that can cause food poisoning. For both the mother and the developing baby, these risks are too significant to ignore.

The Dangers of Food Poisoning for Pregnant Women

Food poisoning can be dangerous for anyone, but pregnant women are particularly at risk. Foodborne illnesses can lead to complications in pregnancy, including premature birth. Thus, avoiding foods with a high risk of food poisoning, like raw seafood, is essential.

Comparing Aguachiles and Ceviche

While Aguachiles and Ceviche are similar dishes, the primary difference lies in their preparation. Ceviche is often ‘cooked’ longer in its citrus marinade than Aguachiles, but this still doesn’t guarantee the elimination of harmful bacteria.

Is It Safe for Pregnant Women to Eat Ceviche?

Just like Aguachiles, Ceviche is a dish made from raw fish or shellfish marinated in citrus juices. The same concerns apply here too: while delicious, it might not be safe for pregnant women due to the raw seafood used.

The Pros and Cons of Eating Shrimp During Pregnancy

Shrimp is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial during pregnancy. However, raw or undercooked shrimp can harbor harmful bacteria. Hence, if pregnant women want to eat shrimp, it should be thoroughly cooked.

Benefits of Cooked Shrimp

Cooked shrimp is safer to eat during pregnancy as cooking kills off potential bacteria. Plus, it’s a great source of essential nutrients like protein and Vitamin C, making it a good addition to a pregnancy diet. The consumption of Aguachiles during pregnancy comes with both benefits and risks, primarily due to the main ingredient—raw shrimp.

Benefits of Eating Aguachiles During Pregnancy

Aguachiles, like many seafood dishes, can offer several health benefits.

1. Nutritional Content: Shrimp, the main component of Aguachiles, is a rich source of protein, essential for the growth and development of your baby. It also provides other vital nutrients, such as iodine, which supports proper brain development, and Omega-3 fatty acids, known to boost eye and brain development in fetuses.

2. Low in Fat and Calories: Shrimp is low in fat and calories, helping manage weight gain during pregnancy, which can be beneficial for maintaining a healthy pregnancy.

3. Source of Antioxidants: Shrimp contains selenium, an antioxidant that helps combat oxidative stress. It also contains astaxanthin, an antioxidant linked to reducing inflammation and enhancing heart health.

The Risks of Eating Raw or Undercooked Seafood

Raw or undercooked seafood can contain harmful bacteria leading to foodborne illnesses. This risk extends to dishes like Aguachiles and Ceviche, where the seafood isn’t truly cooked but marinated in acidic ingredients.

1. Risk of Foodborne Illnesses: Raw shrimp in Aguachiles can harbor harmful bacteria and parasites, such as Vibrio, Salmonella, and Listeria. Consuming raw seafood exposes pregnant women to potential foodborne illnesses, which could have severe consequences, including miscarriage, premature delivery, or neonatal death.

2. Allergic Reactions: Shrimp is a common allergen. If the pregnant woman is allergic to shellfish, consumption could lead to an allergic reaction. This is an indirect risk, but it is crucial to consider, especially if the person had no prior shellfish allergy, as pregnancy can sometimes change a woman’s reaction to certain foods.

3. Risk of Mercury and Other Contaminants: Seafood, in general, can contain traces of mercury and other environmental pollutants. High levels of mercury can harm the developing nervous system of the fetus. While shrimp typically contains low mercury levels, the risk remains due to the possible accumulation of pollutants in the water where the shrimp live.

In conclusion, while Aguachiles can provide certain nutritional benefits, the risks associated with consuming raw seafood, especially for pregnant women, cannot be overlooked. It’s recommended to consult with healthcare professionals or dietitians to discuss dietary choices during pregnancy.

Ingredients Used in Aguachiles and Their Impact on Pregnancy:

  1. Raw Shrimp: Aguachiles typically include raw shrimp. Raw fresh shrimp carries a risk of bacterial contamination, including Vibrio, Salmonella, and Listeria. These bacteria can lead to foodborne illnesses, which can be particularly harmful to pregnant women and their babies.
  2. Lime Juice: Lime juice is a common ingredient used to marinate the shrimp in Aguachiles. While lime juice adds tanginess and flavor, it does not fully eliminate the risk of bacterial contamination in raw seafood. It’s important to remember that lime juice alone cannot ensure the safety of consuming raw seafood during pregnancy.

So Can I Eat Aguachiles While Pregnant?

Given the potential risks associated with eating raw shrimp and certain ingredients, it is advisable for pregnant women to avoid consuming Aguachiles in its traditional raw form.

Instead, consider cooked alternatives, such as cooked shrimp or cooked seafood dishes, which eliminate the risks associated with raw seafood while still offering flavors and nutritional benefits.

Safe Alternatives to Eating Aguachiles During Pregnancy

Pregnant women can still enjoy the flavors of Aguachiles by ensuring the seafood is thoroughly cooked. Alternatively, consider dishes that include cooked seafood or other protein sources, ensuring a varied and nutritious pregnancy diet. Here are some options :

1. Opt for Cooked Shrimp: Instead of using raw shrimp in Aguachiles, consider using cooked shrimp. Cooked shrimp is safe to consume during pregnancy as it eliminates the risk of foodborne illness associated with raw seafood.

2. Choose Reputable Sources: If you decide to consume raw seafood, including shrimp, ensure it comes from a trusted and reputable source. Freshness and quality are essential to minimize the presence of harmful bacteria or contaminants.

3. Make a Cooked Aguachiles Variation: Create a pregnancy-friendly version of Aguachiles by marinating cooked shrimp in lime juice, chili peppers, and other traditional ingredients. This way, you can still enjoy the flavors without the risks associated with raw seafood.

4. Explore Alternative Seafood Dishes: Consider exploring other cooked seafood dishes that are safe for pregnant women. For example, cooked ceviche made with cooked fish or cooked seafood cocktails can offer a similar taste experience while ensuring safety.

5. Focus on Well-Cooked Seafood: During pregnancy, it is advisable to prioritize well-cooked seafood. Whether you’re dining out or preparing meals at home, ensure that seafood is cooked thoroughly to kill any potential bacteria or parasites.

6. Consult with Healthcare Professionals: It’s always a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian during pregnancy. They can provide personalized guidance based on your specific needs and medical history, ensuring the safety of your dietary choices.

Remember, the key is to prioritize the health and well-being of both yourself and your developing baby. By making informed decisions and taking necessary precautions, you can still enjoy a delicious and varied diet while minimizing potential risks associated with raw seafood.

Avoiding Foodborne Illnesses During Pregnancy

To avoid foodborne illnesses during pregnancy, avoid raw or undercooked seafood, ensure your food is well-cooked and from a reputable source, and practice good hygiene when handling and preparing food.

Seafood to Avoid During Pregnancy:

  1. Raw or Undercooked Seafood: It is crucial to avoid consuming raw or undercooked seafood during pregnancy. This includes raw fish (like sushi or sashimi), raw oysters, clams, and mussels. These can contain harmful bacteria, viruses, or parasites that pose a risk to both the mother and the developing baby.
  2. High-Mercury Fish: Certain fish species have higher levels of mercury, which can negatively impact the developing nervous system of the fetus. Avoid consuming high-mercury fish such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish.
  3. Unpasteurized Seafood: Stay away from unpasteurized seafood products, including certain types of smoked fish, as they may carry Listeria, a bacterium that can lead to foodborne illnesses and potentially harm the baby.


While Aguachiles is a delightful dish, its raw seafood content makes it a raw dish and a risky choice for pregnant women. Eating well-cooked meals can help you avoid potential health risks and ensure a healthy pregnancy.



Is it safe to eat Aguachiles while pregnant?

Due to the raw seafood in Aguachiles, it’s typically advised against for pregnant women to mitigate the risk of foodborne illnesses.

Can I eat ceviche while pregnant?

Similar to Aguachiles, Ceviche also contains raw seafood and carries the same risks. Pregnant women should be cautious and avoid raw seafood dishes.

Are there safe ways to consume shrimp while pregnant?

Yes, eating thoroughly cooked shrimp is generally safe and can provide beneficial nutrients during pregnancy.

Can I eat Aguachiles or any raw seafood dishes while pregnant?

Due to the risk of harmful bacteria and parasites, pregnant women are typically advised to avoid all raw seafood dishes.

What are safe seafood options for pregnant women?

Pregnant women can safely consume thoroughly cooked fish, shrimp, and other seafood. However, they should avoid high-mercury fish like king mackerel.

Get Access Now:


  1. American Pregnancy Association. (2021). Seafood and Fish During Pregnancy: Safe or Not?
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2021). Pregnancy diet: Focus on these essential nutrients.
  3. Food (2021). Food Safety for Pregnant Women.


This post is written and edited by Sandy who is a clinical pharmacist with over 20 years of experience specializing in pre-natal and post-natal care.