I Never Brush My Baby’s Teeth

I Never Brush My Baby’s Teeth


It’s a common misconception that baby teeth don’t require as much care as adult teeth since they will eventually fall out. However, good oral hygiene habits should start early in life to ensure your child’s teeth and gums remain healthy. In this article, we’ll explore the importance of baby teeth, when and how to brush them, early oral care tips, common dental problems, and the role of parents in establishing good oral hygiene habits.

The Importance of Baby Teeth

2.1 Formation and function

Baby teeth, also known as primary teeth, begin forming even before a child is born. These teeth play a crucial role in a child’s development, helping them chew food, speak clearly, and maintain proper spacing for their future adult teeth.

2.2 How baby teeth affect adult teeth

Taking care of your baby’s teeth is essential because they serve as placeholders for their permanent adult teeth. Neglecting baby teeth can lead to dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease, which can affect the health of the adult teeth that will eventually replace them.

When to Start Brushing Baby’s Teeth

3.1 The emergence of the first tooth

You should start brushing your baby’s teeth as soon as the very first tooth emerges. This usually happens between the ages of 6 to 12 months. The earlier you start, the better, as it helps establish good oral care habits from a young age.

3.2 Pediatric dentistry recommendations

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that children should visit a pediatric dentist by their first birthday or within six months of their first tooth erupting, whichever comes first. This helps ensure any dental issues are detected and treated early.

How to Brush Baby Teeth


Choosing the right toothbrush

Select a soft-bristled toothbrush or infant toothbrush specifically designed for babies when you start brushing baby’s teeth. These toothbrushes have small heads and soft bristles that are gentle on your baby’s teeth and gums.

Fluoride toothpaste for babies

Use fluoride toothpaste to help protect your baby’s teeth from decay. A tiny smear or a rice-sized amount of toothpaste is enough for children under 3 years old. For children aged 3 to 6, use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.

Proper brushing technique

To brush your baby’s teeth effectively, follow these steps:

Hold the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the teeth, with the bristles pointing towards the gum line.

Gently move the toothbrush in small circles, focusing on the outer and inner surfaces of the teeth and the chewing surfaces.

Be sure to brush the tongue as well to remove any bacteria that may cause bad breath.

Aim to brush your baby’s teeth for at least two minutes, twice a day – once in the morning and once before bedtime.

Early Oral Care Tips for Babies

5.1 Wiping baby’s gums

Even before your baby’s first tooth emerges, it’s essential to keep their gums clean. Use a soft, damp washcloth or a finger brush to gently wipe your baby’s gums at least once a day. This helps remove bacteria and keeps their mouth clean.

5.2 Establishing a daily routine

Make oral care a part of your baby’s daily routine. This helps them become accustomed to the process and makes it easier for them to accept tooth brushing as they grow older. Consistency is key in developing good oral hygiene habits.

Additional Oral Care Tips for Babies and Toddlers

Here are some extra tips to help maintain your baby’s and toddler’s oral health:

  1. Encourage healthy eating habits: A well-balanced diet not only promotes overall health but also contributes to strong teeth and gums. Offer a variety of foods from different food groups, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products.
  2. Teach your child to drink from a cup: Transition your child from a bottle to a sippy cup or regular cup as soon as they can handle it. This helps reduce the risk of tooth decay associated with prolonged bottle use.
  3. Avoid sharing utensils or cleaning pacifiers with your saliva: Parents can unknowingly transfer cavity-causing bacteria to their child by sharing utensils or cleaning a pacifier with their own saliva. Instead, wash the pacifier with soap and water or use a sterilizer.
  4. Create a positive and fun environment for oral care: Make tooth brushing an enjoyable experience for your child by using a fun toothbrush, flavored toothpaste, or singing songs during the process. This can help foster a positive attitude toward oral care.
  5. Monitor your child’s tooth brushing: Until your child can effectively brush their own teeth, usually around the age of 7 or 8, it’s essential to supervise and assist them with tooth brushing. This ensures proper technique and thorough cleaning.

In summary, taking care of your baby’s and toddler’s teeth is crucial for their overall health and well-being. By following the tips mentioned in this article and maintaining regular dental visits, you can help your child establish a solid foundation for good oral hygiene habits that will last a lifetime.

Common Dental Problems in Babies

6.1 Tooth decay

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a common dental problem in babies and young children. It occurs when bacteria in the mouth convert sugar from food and drinks into acid, which then attacks the tooth enamel, causing decay. Tooth decay can lead to pain, infection, and even the loss of teeth if left untreated.

Signs of Tooth Decay in Babies and Toddlers

Recognizing the signs of tooth decay in your baby’s teeth is essential for early intervention and preventing further damage. Here are some common signs to look out for:

  1. White spots on teeth: The earliest sign of tooth decay may appear as chalky white spots on the baby tooth surface. These spots indicate that the enamel has started to demineralize and can eventually progress to a cavity if left untreated.
  2. Brown or black spots: As tooth decay progresses, you may notice brown or black spots on the teeth. This discoloration is caused by the ongoing breakdown of the tooth enamel.
  3. Bad breath: Persistent bad breath, even after cleaning your baby’s mouth, can be an indication of tooth decay or other dental problems.
  4. Swollen or red gums: If your baby’s gums are swollen, red, or tender to the touch, it could be a sign of tooth decay or gum disease.
  5. Sensitivity to hot or cold: If your child exhibits discomfort or pain when consuming hot or cold food or drinks, it may indicate tooth decay or other dental issues.
  6. Difficulty eating or chewing: If your baby or toddler is having trouble eating or chewing food due to pain or discomfort, it could be a sign of tooth decay or other dental problems.

Preventing Tooth Decay in Babies and Toddlers

To prevent cavities in your baby’s teeth, follow these tips:

  1. Brush Baby’s teeth regularly: Start brushing your baby’s teeth as soon as the first tooth emerges, using a soft-bristled toothbrush or infant toothbrush and a rice-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste.
  2. Limit sugary foods and drinks: Encourage a balanced diet and avoid giving your child excessive sugary snacks or beverages, as these can contribute to tooth decay.
  3. Ensure adequate fluoride intake: Fluoride helps strengthen tooth enamel and prevent cavities. Use fluoride toothpaste, on your child’s teeth and if necessary, consult your pediatric dentist about fluoride supplements or treatments.
  4. Schedule regular dental check-ups: Regular visits to the pediatric dentist can help detect and treat tooth decay or other dental issues early, preventing further damage.

By staying vigilant and following these preventive measures, you can help protect your child’s teeth from tooth decay and ensure their long-term dental health.

Visiting the Pediatric Dentist

Regular visits to the pediatric dentist are crucial for maintaining your child’s oral health. These visits allow the dentist to monitor your child’s dental development, provide professional cleanings, and address any concerns or issues that may arise. Establishing a positive relationship with a pediatric dentist early on can help your child feel more comfortable and confident during dental visits as they grow older.

8. The Role of Parents in Establishing Good Oral Hygiene Habits

As a parent, it’s your responsibility to set a good example and teach your child the importance of proper oral care. By practicing good oral hygiene habits yourself and making dental care a priority in your family, you can help instill a lifelong commitment to oral health in your child.


In conclusion, baby teeth play a vital role in your child’s overall health and development. It’s crucial to brush teeth as soon as the baby’s first tooth emerges and establish a consistent daily routine to ensure good oral hygiene habits. Regular visits to a pediatric dentist and parental involvement in promoting oral care are also essential for maintaining your child’s dental health.



When should I start brushing my baby’s teeth?

Start brushing your baby’s teeth as soon as the first tooth emerges, usually between 6 to 12 months of age.

What kind of toothbrush should I use for my baby?

Use a soft-bristled toothbrush or infant toothbrush designed specifically for babies, with a small head and gentle bristles.

How much toothpaste should I use for my baby?**

For children under 3 years old, use a tiny smear or a rice-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. For children aged 3 to 6, use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.

How often should my baby visit the pediatric dentist?

Your baby should visit a pediatric dentist by their first birthday or within six months of their first tooth erupting, whichever comes first. After that, schedule regular dental check-ups as recommended by your pediatric dentist, usually every six months.

How can I prevent cavities in my baby’s teeth?

To prevent cavities, limit sugary foods and drinks, avoid putting your baby to bed with a bottle of milk, formula, or juice, ensure they get enough fluoride, and schedule regular dental check-ups.




This post is written and edited by Sandy who is a clinical pharmacist with over 20 years of experience specializing in pre-natal and post-natal care.